Details

Common Name
Angel's trumpet
Botanic Name
Brugmansia species
Plant Family
Solanaceae
Distribution
Usually a cultivated ornamental in warmer climates
Animals Affected
All animals including people.
Brugmansia suaveolens
Toxic Principle
All parts of the plant contain significant quantities of tropane alkaloids, including hyoscine (scopolamine), hyoscyamine, norhyoscine. The flowers may contain up to 0.83% hyoscine, while the leaves contain 0.4% hyoscine. The flowers of older plants contain as much as 3mg of hyoscine. Other plant genera containing similar propane alkaloids included Datura (Jimson weed) and Hyoscyamus (Black henbane). The tropane alkaloids antagonize the actions of acetylcholine and muscarinic, cholinergic receptors, and therefore have a profound effect upon the autonomic nervous system involving the heart, the digestive system, the eye and the central nervous system. The tropane alkaloids have hallucinogenic properties, that have led to human abuse and fatalities. Many human intoxications are associated with consuming the fresh leaves and flowers, or making tea from the leaves. Children handling the plant may develop temporary blurred vision and dilated pupils. Ref: Andreola B, Piovan A, Da Dalt L, Filippini R, Cappelletti E. Unilateral mydriasis due to Angel's trumpet. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2008. 46 :329-331.
Description
Consisting of 5 species and several hybrids, the Brugmansia species originate in the Andes Mountains of South America. These evergreen shrubs or small trees have large, soft, elliptic leaves with entire or serrated edges. The characteristic flowers are large, pendant, trumpet-shaped and are white yellow or pink in color. The fruits are fleshy, unarmed, globular, or long and cylindrical. The leaves and stems when crushed have a strong odor reflective of their alkaloid content.
Gastrointestinal
Dry mucous membranes and constipation. Animals eating the plant will develop intestinal stasis leading to bloating and colic.
Musculoskeletal
Weakness
Treatment
Physostigmine as a cholinergic drug may be used to counter the effects of the tropane alkaloids if necessary.
Cardiovascular system
Rapid heart rate
Respiratory System
Respiratory failure develops in severe cases.
Nervous System
Depression, abnormal behavior, hallucinations in people who eat the flowers or leaves
Ocular System
Dilated pupils. Blurred vision
Angel's trumpet
Angel's trumpet